กก International Journals                                             

H.-I. Suk, A. K. Jain, and S.-W. Lee, "A Network of Dynamic Probabilistic Models for Human Interaction Analysis," IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 21, No. 7, 2011, pp. 932-945.

S.-W. Lee, "Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging," International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology - Neuroimaging and Brain-Mapping, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011, pp. 121-122.

H.-I. Suk and S.-W. Lee, "Subject and Class Specific Frequency Bands Selection for Multi-Class Motor Imagery Classification," International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology - Neuroimaging and Brain-Mapping, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2011, pp. 123-130.

Y.-B. Lee, U. Park, A. K. Jain, and S.-W. Lee, "Pill-ID: Matching and Retrieval of Drug Pill Images," Pattern Recognition Letters, 2011. (Accepted)

C.-B. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Real-Time 3D Pointing Gesture Recognition for Mobile Robots with Cascade HMM and Particle Filter," Image and Vision Computing, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2011, pp. 51-63.

H.-I. Suk, B.-K. Shin, and S.-W. Lee, "Hand Gesture Recognition Based on Dynamic Bayesian Network Framework," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 43, No. 9, 2010, pp. 3059-3072.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Simultaneous Spotting of Signs and Fingerspellings Based on Hierarchical Conditional Random Fields and BoostMap Embeddings," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 43, No. 8, 2010, pp. 2858-2870.

M.-C. Roh, H.-K. Shin and, S.-W. Lee, "View-Independent Human Action Recognition with Volume Motion Template on Single Stereo Camera," Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 31, No. 7, May 2010, pp. 639-647.

M. Ahmad and S.-W. Lee, "Variable Silhouette Energy Image Representations for Recognizing Human Actions," Image and Vision Computing, Vol. 28, No. 5, May 2010, pp. 814-824.

H.-D. Yang, S. Sclaroff, and S.-W. Lee, "Sign Language Spotting with a Threshold Model Based on Conditional Random Fields," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 31, No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1264-1277.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "An Example-based Face Hallucination Method for Single-frame, Low-resolution Facial Images," IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, Vol. 17, No. 10, 2008, pp. 1806-1816.

S.-W. Lee, S. Kang, and S.-W. Lee, "A Walking Guidance System for the Visually Impaired," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 22, No. 6, 2008, pp. 1171 - 1186.

S.-W. Lee, P. S. P. Wang, S. N. Yanushkevich, and S.-W. Lee, "Noniterative 3D Face Reconstruction Based on Photometric Stereo," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2008, pp. 389-410.

M. Ahmad and S.-W. Lee, "Human Action Recognition Using Shape and CLG-Motion Flow from Multi-View Image Sequences," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 41, No. 7, 2008, pp. 2237-2252.

M.-C. Roh, B. Christmas, J. Kittler, and S.-W. Lee, "Gesture Spotting for Low-Resolution Sports Video Annotation," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2008, pp. 1124-1137.

M.-C. Roh and S.-W. Lee, "Performance Analysis of Face Recognition Algorithms on Korean Face Database," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2007, pp. 1017-1033.

B.-W. Hwang, S. Kim, and S.-W. Lee, "A Full-Body Gesture Database for Human Gesture Analysis," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2007, pp. 1069-1084.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Reconstruction of 3D Human Body Pose from Stereo Image Sequences based on Top-Down Learning," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 40, No. 11, 2007, pp. 3120-3131.

S.-W. Lee, S.-H. Moon, and S.-W. Lee, "Face Recognition under Arbitrary Illumination Using Illuminated Exemplars," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2007, pp. 1605-1620.

H.-D Yang, A.-Y. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Gesture Spotting and Recognition for Human-Robot Interaction," IEEE Trans. on Robotics, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2007, pp. 256-270.

M.-C. Roh, T.-Y. Kim, J. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Accurate Object Contour Tracking Based on Boundary Edge Selection," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2007, pp. 931-943.

S.-W. Lee, J. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Low Resolution Face Recognition Based on Support Vector Data Description," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 39, No.9, 2006, pp. 1809-1812.

H.-D. Yang, S.-W. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "Multiple Human Detection and Tracking Based on Weighted Temporal Texture Features," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2006, pp. 377-391.

S.-W. Lee, H.-C Jung, B.-W. Hwang, and S.-W. Lee, "Authenticating Corrupted Photo Images Based on Noise Parameter Estimation," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2006, pp. 910-920.

H.-J. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "Combination of Multiple Classifiers by Minimizing the Upper Bound of Bayes Error Rate for Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Recognition," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2005, pp. 395-413.

S.-C. Park, S.-H. Lim, B.-K. Sin, and S.-W. Lee, "Tracking Non-Rigid Objects Using Probabilistic Hausdorff Distance Matching," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 38, No. 12, 2005, pp. 2373-2384.

J.-S. Park, Y.-H. Oh, S.-C. Ahn, and S.-W. Lee, "Glasses Removal from Facial Image Using Recursive Error Compensation," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 27, No. 5, 2005, pp. 805-811.

D. Xi and S.-W. Lee, "Extraction of Reference Lines and Items from Form Document Images," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 38, No. 2, Feb. 2005, pp. 289-305.

S.-C. Park, H.-S. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "Qualitative Estimation of Camera Motion Parameters from Linear Composition of Optical Flow," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 37, No. 4, Apr. 2004, pp. 767-779.

B.-W. Hwang and S.-W. Lee, "Reconstruction of Partially Damaged Face Images Based on a Morphable Face Model," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2003, pp. 365-372.

S. Kang, B.-W. Hwang, and S.-W. Lee, "Multiple People Tracking Based on Temporal Color Feature," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 17, No. 6, 2003, pp. 931-949.

S.-W. Lee and A. Verri, "Support Vector Machines for Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, pp. 331-332.

S. Kang, H. Byun, and S.-W. Lee, "Real-Time Pedestrian Detection Using Support Vector Machines," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, pp. 405-416.

H. Byun and S.-W. Lee, "A Survey on Pattern Recognition Applications of Support Vector Machines," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, pp. 459-486.

S. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "Real-Time Tracking of Multiple Objects in Space-Variant Vision Based on Magnocellular Visual Pathway," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 35, No. 10, 2002, pp. 2022-2040.

J.-Y. Lee, J.-S. Park, H.-R. Byun, and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Generation of Structured Hyperdocuments from Document Images," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2002, pp. 485-503.

S.-W. Lee and D.-S. Ryu, "Parameter-Free Geometric Document Layout Analysis," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 23, No. 11, 2001, pp. 1240-1256.

M.-S. Lee, Y.-M. Yang, and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Video Parsing Using Shot Boundary Detection and Camera Operation Analysis," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2001, pp. 711-719.

H.-S. Park, B.-K. Shin, J. Moon, and S.-W. Lee, "A 2-D HMM Method for Off-Line Handwritten Character Recognition," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2001, pp. 91-105.

J. Park, H.-Y. Kim, Y. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "A Synthesis Procedure for Associative Memories Based on Space-Varying Cellular Neural Networks," Neural Networks, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2001, pp. 107-113.

S.-W. Lee, Y.-M. Kim, and S. W. Choi, "Fast Scene Change Detection Using Direct Feature Extraction from MPEG Compressed Videos," IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2000, pp. 240-254.

S.-H. Choi and S.-W. Lee, "Region Tracking Using Perspective Motion Model," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 33, No. 12, 2000, pp. 2095-2098.

S.-W. Lee and S.-Y. Kim, "Integrated Segmentation and Recognition of Handwritten Numerals with Cascade Neural Networks," IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1999, pp. 285-290.

H.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "A Truly 2-D Hidden Markov Model for Off-Line Handwritten Character Recognition," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 31, No. 12, 1998, pp. 1849-1864.

H.-H. Song and S.-W. Lee, "A Self-Organizing Neural Tree for Large-Set Pattern Classification," IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1998, pp. 369-380.

Y. Y. Tang, L.-T. Tu, J. Liu, S.-W. Lee, W. W. Lin, and I.-S. Shyu, "Offline Recognition of Chinese Handwriting by Multifeature and Multilevel Classification," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 20, No. 5, 1998, pp. 556-561.

D. Doermann, S.-W. Lee, S. Srihari, K. Tombre, and A. Rosenfeld, "Editorial," International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1998, pp. 1-2.

H.-S. Park, H.-H. Song, and S.-W. Lee, "A Self-Organizing Hierarchical Classifier for Multi-Lingual Large-Set Oriental Character Recognition," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1998, pp. 191-208.

S.-Y. Kim and S.-W. Lee, "Gray-Scale Nonlinear Shape Normalization Method for Handwritten Oriental Character Recognition," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1998, pp. 81-95.

S.-W. Lee, Y.Y. Tang, and P.S.P. Wang, "Oriental Document Analysis and Recognition Techniques," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1998, pp. 1-4.

S.-W. Lee and H.-H. Song, "A New Recurrent Neural-Network Architecture for Visual Pattern Recognition," IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1997, pp. 331-340.

S.-W. Lee, "Oriental Character Recognition," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 30, No. 8, 1997, pp. 1253-1254.

S.-W. Lee, C.-H. Kim, Y. Y. Tang, and H. Ma, "Multiresolution Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Numerals with Wavelet Transform and Multilayer Cluster Neural Network," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 29, No. 12, 1996, pp. 1953-1961.

Y. Y. Tang, S.-W. Lee, and C. Y. Suen, "Automatic Document Processing: A Survey," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 29, No. 12, 1996, pp. 1931-1952.

S.-W. Lee, D.-J. Lee, and H.-S. Park, "A New Methodology for Gray-Scale Character Segmentation and Recognition," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 18, No. 10, 1996, pp. 1045-1050.

S.-W. Lee and H.-S. Park, "Multi-Lingual Large-Set Oriental Character Recognition Using a Hierarchical Neural Network Classifier," International Journal on Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1996, pp. 129-145.

S.-W. Lee, "Off-Line Recognition of Totally Unconstrained Handwritten Numerals Using Multilayer Cluster Neural Network," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1996, pp. 648-652.

H.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Off-Line Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters with Multiple Hidden Markov Models," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1996, pp. 231-244.

S.-W. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and Y. Y. Tang, "Nonlinear Shape Restoration of Distorted Images with Coons Transformation," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1996, pp. 217-229.

H.-H. Song and S.-W. Lee, "LVQ Combined with Simulated Annealing for Optimal Design of Large-Set Reference Models," Neural Networks, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1996, pp. 329-336.

W.-G. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and J. H. Kim, "Modeling and Recognition of Cursive Words with Hidden Markov Models," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 28, No. 12, 1995, pp. 1941-1953.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Adaptive Nonlinear Shape Matching for Unconstrained Handwritten Character Recognition," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 28, No. 8, 1995, pp. 1223-1235.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-J. Kim, "Direct Extraction of Topographic Features for Gray Scale Character Recognition," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 17, No. 7, 1995, pp. 724-729.

S.-W. Lee, "Multilayer Cluster Neural Network for Totally Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Recognition," Neural Networks, Vol. 8, No. 5, 1995, pp. 783-792.

S.-W. Lee and K.-C. Kim, "Address Block Location on Handwritten Korean Envelopes by the Merging and Splitting Method," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 27, No. 12, 1994, pp. 1641-1651.

S.-W. Lee and E.-S. Kim, "Efficient Postprocessing Algorithms for Error Correction in Handwritten Hangul Address and Human Name Recognition," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 27, No. 12, 1994, pp. 1631-1640.

S.-W. Lee and H.-H. Song, "Optimal Design of Reference Model for Large-Set Handwritten Character Recognition," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 27, No. 9, 1994, pp. 1267-1274.

S.-W. Lee and J.-S. Park, "Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Characters," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 27, No. 7, 1994, pp. 895-902.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-R. Kwon, "Distribution of Information Contents and Entropy of Hangul Character Images," International Journal on Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1993, pp. 223-231.

S.-W. Lee, L. Lam, and C. Y. Suen, "A Systematic Evaluation of Skeletonization Algorithms," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 7, No. 5, 1993, pp. 1203-1225.

L. Lam, S.-W. Lee, and C. Y. Suen, "Thinning Methodologies - A Comprehensive Survey," IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 14, No. 9, Sep. 1992, pp. 869-885.

S.-W. Lee, J.- H. Kim, and F. Groen, "Translation-, Rotation-, and Scale-Invariant Recognition of Hand-Drawn Symbols in Schematic Diagrams," International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1990, pp. 1-25.

S.-W. Lee and J. Kim, "Unconstrained Seal Imprint Verification Using Attributed Stroke Graph Matching," Pattern Recognition, Vol. 22. No. 6, 1989, pp. 653-664.

S.-W. Lee and J. Kim, "Automatic Entity Verification by Seal Imprint," International Journal of Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1989, pp. 112-123.

S.-W. Lee and J. Kim, "Attributed Stroke Graph Matching for Seal Imprint Verification," Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1989, pp. 137-145.

S.-W. Lee, J. Kim, and F. Groen, "A Fast Computational Method for Minimum Square Error Transform," Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1988, pp. 143-146.