กก International Conference Proceedings

T.-E. Kam and S.-W. Lee, "Time-Dependent Common Spatial Patterns Optimization for EEG Signal Classification," Proc. 1st Asian Conference on Pattern Recognition, Beijing, China, Nov. 28-30, 2011, pp. 643-646.

N.-G. Cho, A. Yuille, and S.-W. Lee, "Nonflat Observation Model and Adaptive Depth Order Estimation for 3D Human Pose Tracking," Proc. 1st Asian Conference on Pattern Recognition, Beijing, China, Nov. 28-30, 2011, pp. 382-386.

H.-I. Suk and S.-W. Lee, "A Probabilistic Approach to Spatio-Spectral Filters Optimization in Brain-Computer Interface," Proc. 2011 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Anchorage, USA, Oct. 9-12, 2011. (Acceepted)

J.-J. Lee, P.-H. Lee, C. Koch, A. Yuille, and S.-W. Lee, "AdaBoost for Text Detection in Natural Scene," Proc. 11th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Beijing, China, Sept 18-21, 2011. (Accepted)

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Combination of Manual and Non-Manual Features for Sign Language Recognition Based on Conditional Random Field and Active Appearance Model," Proc. 2011 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Guilin, China, July 10-13, 2011, pp. 1726-1731.

X. Ding, J.-H. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "A Constrained Alternating Least Squares Nonnegative Matrix Factorization Algorithm Enhances Task-Related Neuronal Activity Detection From Single Subject's fMRI Data," Proc. 2011 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Guilin, China, July 10-13, 2011, pp. 338-343.

T.-E. Kam and S.-W. Lee, "Optimizing Time-Dependent Discriminative Spatial Filter for EEG-based Multi-Class Motor Imagery Classification," Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in NeuroImaging, Seoul, Korea, May 16-18, 2011, pp. 17-20.

H.-I. Suk and S.-W. Lee, "Data-Driven Frequency Bands Selection in EEG-based Brain-Computer Interface," Proc. IEEE International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in NeuroImaging, Seoul, Korea, May 16-18, 2011, pp. 25-28.

D.-C. Hur, C. Wallraven, and S.-W. Lee, "View Invariant Body Pose Estimation based on Biased Manifold Learning," Proc. 20th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Istanbul, Turkey, Aug. 23-26, 2010, pp. 3866-3869.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Robust Sign Language Recognition with Hierarchical Conditional Random Fields," Proc. 20th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Istanbul, Turkey, Aug. 23-26, 2010, pp. 2202-2205.

H.-I. Suk and S.-W. Lee, "Two-Layer Hidden Markov Models for Multi-Class Motor Imagery Classification," Proc. 1st ICPR Workshop on Brain Decoding, Istanbul, Turkey, Aug. 22, 2010, pp. 5-8.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Accelerating Generalized Iterative Scaling Using Componentwise Extrapolations for On-line Conditional Random Fields," Proc. International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Qingdao, China, July 11-14, 2010, pp. 79.

M.-C. Roh, S.-J. Huh, and S.-W. Lee, "A Virtual Mouse Interface Based on Two-layered Bayesian Network," Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision 2009, Snowbird, USA, Dec. 7-9, 2009, pp. 319-324.

H.-I. Suk, B.-K. Sin and S.-W. Lee, "Analyzing Human Interactions with a Network of Dynamic Probabilistic Models," Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision 2009, Snowbird, USA, Dec. 7-9, 2009, pp. 145-150.

S.-S. Cho, H.-D. Yang, and S.-W. Lee, "Sign Language Spotting Based on Semi-Markov Conditional Random Field," Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision 2009, Snowbird, USA, Dec. 7-9, 2009, pp. 151-156.

M.-C. Roh, H.-K. Shin, and S.-W. Lee, "View-Independent Human Action Recognition based on a Stereo Camera," Proc. 1st China-Japan-Korea Joint Workshop on Pattern Recognition, Nanjing, China, Nov. 4-6, 2009, pp. 832-836.

H.-I. Suk, B.-K. Sin, and S.-W. Lee, "Robust Modeling and Recognition of Hand Gestures with Dynamic Bayesian Network," Proc. 19th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Tampa, USA, Dec. 8-11, 2008.

S.-S. Cho, H.-M. Chang, G.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Lee, "Human Pose Estimation Based on Common Body Component Analysis," Proc. 5th International Conference on Ubiquitious Robots and Ambient Intelligence, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 20-22, 2008.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "An Example-based Super-Resolution Method for Single-frame, Low-resolution Facial Images," Proc. Third Korea-Japan Joint Workshop on Pattern Recognition, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 13-14, 2008, pp. 49-50.

H.-I. Suk, J.-H. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "Real-Time Tracking and Reconstruction of 3D Hand Poses for Virtual Keypad System," Proc. Third Korea-Japan Joint Workshop on Pattern Recognition, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 13-14, 2008, pp. 71-72.

H. Lee, Y. Im, D. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "A Fast Method for News Video Parsing with Search Space Reduction," Proc. Third Korea-Japan Joint Workshop on Pattern Recognition, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 13-14, 2008, pp. 79-80.

S.-S. Cho, H.-D. Yang, and S.-W. Lee, "Robust Sign Language Spotting with Semi-Markov Conditional Random Field," Proc. Third Korea-Japan Joint Workshop on Pattern Recognition, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 13-14, 2008, pp. 81-82.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Physiognomic Analysis by Feature Classification of Facial Components," Proc. Third Korea-Japan Joint Workshop on Pattern Recognition, Seoul, Korea, Nov. 13-14, 2008, pp. 89-90.

H.-I. Suk, S.-S. Cho, H.-D. Yang, M.-C. Roh, and S.-W. Lee, "Real-Time Human-Robot Interaction based on Continuous Gesture Spotting and Recognition," Proc. 39th International Symposium on Robotics, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 2008, pp. 120-123.

M.-C. Roh and S.-W. Lee, "A Semi-Dynamic Bayesian Network for Human Gesture Recognition," Proc. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Singapore, Oct. 2008, pp. 644-649.

H.-I. Suk, B.-K. Sin, and S.-W. Lee, "Recognizing Hand Gestures using Dynamic Bayesian Network," Proc. 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 2008.

M. Ahmad and S.-W. Lee, "Recognizing Human Actions Based on Silhouette Energy Image and Global Motion Description," Proc. 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 2008.

C.-B. Park, M.-C. Roh, and S.-W. Lee, "Real-Time 3D Pointing Gesture Recognition in Mobile Space," Proc. 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 2008.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Robust Sign Language Spotting Based on Conditional Random Fields," Proc. 6th International Conference on Cognitive Science, Seoul, Korea, July 27-29, 2008.

S.-W. Lee and S.-W. Lee, "An Embedded Face Verification System Against Image Degradation," Proc. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Quebec, Canada, Oct. 2007, pp. 3571-3576.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Reconstructing 3D Human Body Pose from Stereo Image Sequences Using Hierarchical Human Body Model Learning," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 3, Aug. 2006, pp. 1004-1007.

M.-C. Roh, H.-K. Shin, S.-W. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "Volume Motion Template for View-Invariant Gesture Recognition," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 2, Aug. 2006, pp. 1229-1232.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Physiognomic Analysis by Classifying Facial Components Features," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 2, Aug. 2006, pp. 1212-1215.

M. Ahmad and S.-W. Lee, "HMM-based Human Action Recognition Using Multiview Image Sequences," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 1, Aug. 2006, pp. 263-266.

H.-D. Yang, A.-Y. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Human-Robot Interaction by Whole Body Gesture Spotting and Recognition," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 4, Aug. 2006, pp. 774-777.

S.-C. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Superimposing 3D Virtual Objects using Markerless Tracking," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 3, Aug. 2006, pp. 897-900.

M.-C. Roh and S.-W. Lee, "Gesture Detection in Low-Quality Video," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 4, Aug. 2006, pp. 791-794.

S.-W. Lee, J. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Face Reconstruction with Low Resolution Facial Images by Feature Vector Projection in Kernel Space," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 3, Aug. 2006, pp. 1179-1182.

S. Kim, C.-B. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Tracking 3D Human Body using Particle Filter in Moving Monocular Camera," Proc. 18th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Hong Kong, China, Vol. 4, Aug. 2006, pp. 805-808.

S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Gesture Recognition for Intelligent Human-Robot Interaction," Proc. 7th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, United Kingdom, Apr. 2006, pp. 645-650.

M. Ahmad and S.-W. Lee, "Human Action Recognition Using Multi-view Image Sequences Features," Proc. 7th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, United Kingdom, Apr. 2006, pp. 523-528.

H.-D. Yang, A.-Y. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Robust Spotting of Key Gestures from Whole Body Motion Sequence," Proc. 7th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, United Kingdom, Apr. 2006, pp. 231-236.

M.-C. Roh, B. Christmas, J. Kittler, and S.-W. Lee, "Gesture Spotting in Low-Quality Video with Features Based on Curvature Scale Space," Proc. 7th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, United Kingdom, Apr. 2006, pp. 375-380.

B.-W. Hwang, S. Kim, and S.-W. Lee, "A Full-Body Gesture Database for Automatic Gesture Recognition," Proc. 7th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, United Kingdom, Apr. 2006, pp. 243-248.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Enhancing Low-Resolution Facial Image Using Error Back-Projection for Human Identification at a Distance," Proc. 17th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Vol. 1, Aug. 2004, pp. 346-349.

H.-D. Yang and S.-W. Lee, "Multiple Pedestrian Detection and Tracking based on Weighted Temporal Texture Feature," Proc. 17th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Vol. 4, Aug. 2004, pp. 248-251.

C.-B. Park, K.-W. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Microarray Image Segmentation Based on Watershed Transformation," Proc. 17th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Vol. 3, Aug. 2004, pp. 786-789.

T.-Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "Object Boundary Edge Selection Using Normal Direction Derivatives of a Contour in a Complex Scene," Proc. 17th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Vol. 4, Aug. 2004, pp. 755-758.

B.-W. Hwang, M.-C. Roh, and S.-W.Lee, "Performance Evaluation of Face Recognition Algorithms on Asian Face Recognition," Proc. 6th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Seoul, Korea, May 2004, pp. 278-283.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Resolution Enhancement of Facial Image Using Recursive Error Back-Projection of Example-based Learning," Proc. 6th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Seoul, Korea, May 2004, pp. 831-836.

H.-C. Jung, B.-W. Hwang, and S.-W. Lee, "Authenticating Corrupted Face Images Based on Noise Model," Proc. 6th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Seoul, Korea, May 2004, pp. 272-277.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Resolution Enhancement of Facial Image Based on Top-down Learning," Proc. of ACM SIGMM 2003 Workshop on Video Surveillance, California, USA, Nov. 2003, pp. 59-64.

D. Xi and S.-W. Lee, "Reference Line Extraction from Form Documents with Complicated Backgrounds," Proc. 7th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Edinburg, UK, Aug. 2003, pp.1080-1093.

S.-C. Park, B.-W. Hwang, and S.-W. Lee, "Extraction of Camera Motion Parameters with Optical Flows," Proc. International Conference on Optical Communications and Multimedia, Kwangju, Korea, Nov. 2002, pp. 118-223.

D. Xi and S.-W. Lee, "Face Detection and Facial Feature Extraction Using Support Vector Machines," Proc. 16th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 4, Quebec City, Canada, Aug. 2002, pp. 209-212.

B.-W. Hwang and S.-W. Lee, "Face Reconstruction with a Morphable Face Model," Proc. 16th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, Quebec City, Canada, Aug. 2002, pp. 366-369.

H.-J. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "Evaluation on Selection Criteria of Multiple Numeral Recognizers with the Fixed Number of Recognizers," Proc. 16th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 3, Quebec City, Canada, Aug. 2002, pp. 403-406.

D. Xi, I. Podolak, and S.-W. Lee, "Facial Component Extraction and Face Recognition with Support Vector Machines," Proc. 5th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Washington D.C., USA, May 2002, pp. 83-88.

S. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "Handheld Computer Vision System for the Visually Impaired," Proc. 3rd International Workshop on Human-friendly Welfare Robotic Systems, Daejeon, Korea, Jan. 2002, pp. 43-48.

B.-W. Hwang and S.-W. Lee, "Reconstruction of Partially Occluded Faces for Face Recognition," Proc. 4th China-Korea Joint Symposium on Information Technology for Oriental Language Processing and Pattern Recognition, Daejon, Korea, Nov. 2001, pp. 80-87.

A. Bielecki, I. Podolak, and M. Bielecka, "A Neural Algorithm of Nonlinear Regression," Proc. 4th International Conference on Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics, Naleczow, Poland, Sept. 11, 2001, pp. 119-126.

H.-J. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "Experimental Results on the Construciton of Multiple Classifiers Recognizing Handwrittern Numerals," Proc. 6th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Seattle, USA, Sept. 2001, pp. 1026-1030.

S.-K. Kim, B.-K. Sin, and S.-W. Lee, "Character Spotting Using Image-Based Stochastic Models," Proc. 6th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Seattle, USA, Sept. 2001, pp. 60-63.

B.-J. You, Y.-B. Lee, and S.-W. Lee, "A Real-Time Color based Object Tracking Robust to Irregular Illumination Variations," Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Seoul, Korea, May 2001, pp. 1659-1664.

S.-W. Lee, "Wearable Machine Vision Technologies for the Visually Impaired," Proc. 1st Asian Conference on Vision, Hayama, Japan, July 31, 2001, pp. 14.

H.-Y. Kim, J.-Y. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "An Optimization Approach to the Robust Design of Generalized BSB Neural Associative Memories," Proc. 7th International Conference on Neural Information Processing, Vol. 2, Taejon, Korea, Nov. 2000, pp. 767-772.

T. Podolak and S.-W. Lee, "Finding Input Symbol Representations for Neural Networks," Proc. 7th International Conference on Neural Information Processing, Vol. 2, Taejon, Korea, Nov. 2000, pp. 1174-1179.

T. Podolak, A. Bielecki, E. Majkit, and S.-W. Lee, "A Hybrid Neural System for Phonematic Transformation," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 1, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 720-724.

S.-W. Choi and S.-W. Lee, "Stability Analysis of Medial Axis Transform under Relative Hausdorff Distance," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 1, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 3139-3142.

Y.-K. Lim, S.-H. Choi, and S.-W. Lee, "Text Extraction in MPEG Compressed Video for Content-based Indexing," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 1, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 4409-4412.

Golovan, M.-H. Yoo, and S.-W. Lee, L. Podladchikova and D. Shaposhnikov, "Pre-attentive Detection of Perceptually Important Regions in Facial Images," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Barcelona, Vol. 1, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 1092-1095.

Y.-M. Kim, S.-W. Choi, and S.-W. Lee, "Fast Scene Change Detection Using Direct Feature Extraction from MPEG Compressed Videos," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 3, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 178-181.

J.-Y. Lee, H.-J. Kang, and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Generation of Structured Hyperdocuments from Multi-Column Document Images," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 4, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 422-425.

D.-S. Ryu, S.-M. Kang, and S.-W. Lee, "Parameter-independent Geometric Document Layout Analysis," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 4, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 397-400.

H.-J. Kim, M.-H. Yoo, and S.-W. Lee, "A Control Model for Vergence Movement on a Stereo Robotic Head Using Disparity Flow and Flux," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 4, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 491-494.

J.-S. Park, H.-J. Kang, and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Quality Measurement of Gray-Scale Handwriting  Based on  Extended Average Entropy," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 4, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 426-429.

J.-J. Kim, B.-W. Hwang, M.-H. Yoo, and S.-W. Lee, "Retrieval of the Top N Matches with Support Vector Machines," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 720-723.

H.-J. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "An Information-Theoretic Strategy for Constructing Multiple Classifier Systems," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 483-486.

H.-Y. Kim, J.-Y. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "A New Methodology to the Design of Associative Memories Based on Cellular Neural Networks," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 969-972.

H.-K Roh and S.-W. Lee, "Multiple People Tracking Using an Appearance Model Based on Temporal Color," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 4, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 643-646.

B.-W. Hwang, V. Blanz, T. Vetter, H.-H. Song, and S.-W. Lee, "Face Reconstruction from a Small Number of Feature Points," Proc. 15th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vol. 2, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2000, pp. 842-845.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "A New Method for Automatic Handwriting Quality Measurement," Proc. 7th International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 2000, pp. 517-522.

H. Fujisawa, H. Sako, Y. Okada and S.-W. Lee, "Information Capturing Camera and Developmental Issues," Proc. 5th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Bangalore, India, Sept. 1999, pp. 205-208.

D. Xi, S.-W. Lee, and Y. Y. Tang, "A Novel Method for Discriminating Between Oriental and European Languages by Fractal Features," Proc. 5th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Bangalore, India, Sept. 1999, pp. 345-348.

H.-J. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "Combining Classifiers based on Minimization of a Bayes Error Rate," Proc. 5th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Bangalore, India, Sept. 1999, pp. 398-401.

H.-J. Kang and S.-W. Lee, "A Dependency-Based Framework of Combining Multiple Experts for the Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Numerals," Proc. IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Colorado, USA, June 1999, Vol. II, pp. 124-129.

S.-W. Lee, M.-S. Lee, and B.-W. Hwang "Automatic Video Parsing using Shot Boundary Detection and Camera Operation Analysis," Proc. 14th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 1998, pp. 1481-1483.

S.-K. Han and S.-W. Lee, "Temporal Pattern Segmentation Using Selective Attention," Proc. 14th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Brisbane, Australia, Aug. 1998, pp. 259 -261.

D.-I. Kim and S.-W. Lee, "Automatic Evaluation of Handwriting Qualities of Handwritten Hangul Image Database, KU-1," Proc. 6th International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Taejon, Korea, Aug. 1998, pp. 455-464.

S.-Y. Kim and S.-W. Lee, "Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for Gray-Scale Handwritten Character Recognition," Proc. 4th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Ulm, Germany, Aug. 1997, pp. 479-482.

H.-S. Park, S.-Y. Kim, and S.-W. Lee, "Gray-scale Handwritten Character Recognition Based on Principal Features," Proc. SPIE Conference on Document Recognition (4), Vol. 3027, Feb. 1997, pp. 40-49.

S.-W. Lee and S.-Y. Kim, "Integrated Segmentation and Recognition of Connected and Degraded Handwritten Numerals," Proc. International Workshop on Computer Vision Technology, Seoul, Korea, Dec. 1996, pp. 65-74.

S.-W. Lee and D.-S. Kim, "Multi-lingual Large-set Oriental Character Recognition Using Hierarchical Neural Network Classifier," Proc. 2nd Korea-China Joint Symposium on Oriental Language Computing, Pohang, Nov. 1996, pp. 93-100.

H.-S. Park, J.-S. Park, and S.-W. Lee, "A New Methodology for Off-line Handwritten Character Recognition Using a Truly 2-D Statistical Model," Proc. 5th International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Colchester, England, Sept. 1996, pp. 53-60.

S.-W. Lee, S.-M. Kang, and H.-H. Song, "A New Recurrent Neural Network Architecture for Pattern Recognition," Proc. 13th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vienna, Austria, Aug. 1996, pp. 718-721.

H.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "An HMMRF-based Statistical Approach for Off-line Handwritten Character Recognition," Proc. 13th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Vienna, Austria, Aug. 1996, pp. 320-323.

S.-W. Lee and E.-J. Lee, "Integrated Segmentation and Recognition of Connected Handwritten Characters with Recurrent Neural Network," Proc. SPIE Conference on Document Recognition (3), Vol. 2660, Jan. 1996, pp. 251-261.

S.-W. Lee and J.-S. Kim, "Multi-lingual Large-set Oriental Character Recognition Using Hierarchical Neural Network Classifier," Proc. International Conference on Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, Hawaii, USA, Nov. 1995, pp. 177-184.

H.-H. Song and S.-W. Lee, "A Self-Organizing Neural Tree for Large-set Pattern Classification," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 1111-1114.

Y.-J. Kim and S.-W. Lee, "Multiresolution Recognition of Handwritten Numerals with Wavelet Transform and Multilayer Cluster Neural Network," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 1010-1013.

Y.-J. Kim, S.-W. Lee, and M.-W. Kim, "Parallel Hardware Implementation of Handwritten Character Recognition System on Wavefront Array Processor Architecture," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 715-718.

M.-Y. Yoon, S.-W. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, "Faxed Image Restoration Using Kalman Filtering," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 677-680.

H.-C. Kwon, H.-J. Hwang, M.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Lee, "Contextual Postprocessing of a Korean OCR System by Linguistic Constraints," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 557-562.

D.-J. Lee and S.-W. Lee, "A New Methodology for Gray-Scale Character Segmentation and Recognition," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 524-527.

E.-J. Lee and S.-W. Lee, "Integrated Segmentation and Recognition of Connected Handwritten Characters with Recurrent Neural Network," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 413-416.

H.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Hidden Markov Mesh Random Field: Theory and Its Application to Handwritten Character Recognition," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 409-412.

S.-W. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and Y. Y. Tang, "Nonlinear Shape Restoration of Distorted Images with Coons Transformation," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 235-238.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-J. Kim, "A New Type of Recurrent Neural Network for Handwritten Character Recognition," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 38-41.

S.-W. Lee and J.-S. Kim, "Multi-lingual, Multi-font and Multi-size Large-set Character Recognition Using Self-Organizing Neural Network," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 1995, pp. 28-33.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-J. Kim, and M.-W. Kim, "Multilayer Cluster Neural Networks for Off-line Recognition of Totally Unconstrained Handwritten Numerals," Proc. 4th International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwritten Recognition, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 1994, pp. 115-124.

J.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Adaptive Nonlinear Pattern Matching Method for Off-line Recognition of Handwritten Characters," Proc. 4th International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwritten Recognition, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 1994, pp. 166-175.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-J. Kim, "Multilayer Cluster Neural Network for Totally Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Recognition," Proc. International Conference on Neural Information Processing, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 1994, pp. 1483-1488.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-J. Kim, "Off-line Recognition of Totally Unconstrained Handwritten Numerals Using Multilayer Cluster Neural Network," Proc. 12th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Israel, Oct. 1994, pp. 507-510.

S.-W. Lee and K.-C. Kim, "Location Destination Address Block on Handwritten Korean Envelopes," Proc. 12th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Israel, Oct. 1994, pp. 619-621.

E.-S. Kim and S.-W. Lee, "Shape Restoration of Nonlinear Distorted Images," Proc. 12th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Israel, Oct. 1994, pp. 208-210.

S.-W. Lee and Y. J. Kim, "Direct Extraction of Topographic Features for Gray-scale Character Recognition," Proc. 3rd Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Beijing, China, Aug. 1994, pp. 784-790.

S.-W. Lee and D.-J. Lee, "Slant Estimation and Correction for Off-line Hangul Script Using Hough Transform," Proc. International Conference on Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, Taejeon, May 1994, pp. 353-368.

S.-W. Lee and Y.-J. Kim, "Direct Extraction of Topographic Features from Gray-scale Character Images," Proc. 3rd Annual Symposium on Document Analysis and Information Retrieval, Las Vegas, USA, Apr. 1994, pp. 253-261.

Y. Y. Tang, T. Li, and S.-W. Lee, "VLSI Implementation for HVRI Algorithm in Pattern Recognition," Proc. 2nd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Tsukuba, Japan, Oct. 1993, pp. 460-463.

S.-W. Lee, E.-S. Kim, and B.-W. Min, "Efficient Postprocessing Algorithms for Error Correction in Handwritten Hangul Address and Human Name Recognition," Proc. 2nd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Tsukuba, Japan, Oct. 1993, pp. 232-235.

S.-W. Lee and J.-S. Park, "Performance Evaluation of Nonlinear Shape Normalization Methods for the Recognition of Large-set Handwritten Characters," Proc. 2nd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Tsukuba, Japan, Oct. 1993, pp. 402-407.

S.-W. Lee and H.-H. Song, "Optimal Design of Reference Models Using Simulated Annealing Combined with an Improved LVQ3," Proc. 2nd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Tsukuba, Japan, Oct. 1993, pp. 244-249.

H.-S. Park and S-W Lee, "Large-Set Handwritten Character Recognition with Multiple Stochastic Models," Proc. 2nd International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Tsukuba, Japan, Oct. 1993, pp. 143-146.

Y. Y. Tang, S.-W. Lee, and C. Y. Suen, "An Approximation of Perspective Image using Bilinear Model," Proc. International Conference on Signal Processing, Beijing, China, Oct. 1993, 134-139.

H.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "Off-Line Recognition of Large-Set Handwritten Hangul with Hidden Markov Models," Proc. 3rd International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Buffalo, USA, May 1993, pp. 51-61.

Y. Y. Tang, S.-W. Lee, and C. Y. Suen, "VLSI Architecture for Pattern Recognition Based on Algorithm-Array Mapping," Proc. 2nd Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Seoul, Korea, Sept. 1992, pp. 1036-1043.

Y. Y. Tang, S.-W. Lee, M. Cheriet, C. D. Yan, and C. Y. Suen, "Automatic Knowledge Acquisition from Form Documents," Proc. 2nd Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Seoul, Korea, Sept. 1992, pp. 840-846.

H.-S. Park and S.-W. Lee, "On-Line Recognition of Cursive Chinese Characters with Elastic Matching," Proc. 2nd Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Seoul, Korea, Sept. 1992, pp. 1030-1035.

S.-W. Lee, "Noisy Hangul Character Recognition with Fuzzy Tree Classifier," Proc. SPIE Electronic Imaging Science and Technology Conference on Machine Vision Applications in Character Recognition and Industrial Inspection, San Jose, USA, Feb.1992, pp. 127-136.

S.-W. Lee, "A Systematic Evaluation of Skeletonization Algorithms for Pattern Recognition," Proc. 1st Korea-Japan Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Daejon, Korea, Oct. 1991, pp. 409-417.

S.-W. Lee, H.-S. Park, and Y. Y. Tang, "Translation-, Scale-, and Rotation-invariant Recognition of Hangul Characters with Transformation Ring Projection," Proc. 1st International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Saint-Malo, France, Sept. 1991, pp. 829-836.

S.-W. Lee, L. Lam, and C. Y. Suen, "Performance Evaluation of Skeletonization Algorithms for Document Image Processing," Proc. 1st International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Saint-Malo, France, Sept. 1991, pp. 260-271.

S.-W. Lee and Y. R. Kwon, "Distribution of Information Contents and Entropy of Hangul Character Images," Proc. International Conference on Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Taipei, Taiwan, Aug. 1991, pp. 195-200.

C. Y. Suen, W.-H. Hsu, P. Wang, S. Mori, T. Zhang, P. Kwok, L. Lam, and S.-W. Lee, "Thinning Algorithms for Oriental Character Recognition," Proc. International Conference on Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Taipei, Taiwan, Aug. 1991, pp. 221-223.

S.-W. Lee, J. Kim, and F. Groen, "Translation-, Rotation-, and Scale- Invariant Recognition of Hand-Drawn Electrical Circuit Symbols with Attributed Graph Matching," Proc. SSPR90 Workshop, Murray Hill, 1990.

S.-W. Lee and J. Kim "Recognizing Hand-Drawn Symbols in Engineering Drawings," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Engineering, Stanford, USA, Aug. 1988.

S.-W. Lee and J. Kim "Automatic Verification of Seal Imprints Using Attributed Stroke Graph Matching," Proc. IEEE International Conference on Computer Processing of Chinese and Oriental Languages, Toronto, Canada, Aug. 1988.

S.-W. Lee, J. Kim, and F. Groen, "A Fast Computational Method for Minimum Square Error Transform," Proc. 9th IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Rome, Italy, Vol. 8, No. 3, Nov. 1988, pp. 143-146.